FM 34-130 PDF

10 Dec Current doctrine accepts that goal, as reflected in FM “IPB is an analytical methodology employed to reduce uncertainty con-. This page contains the US Army Field Manual on Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield. *FM FIELD MANUAL Headquarters. Department of the Army. Washington, DC, 8 July INTELLIGENCE PREPARATION OF THE.

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If BDA is required to support the command’s COA, the collection manager plans collection to satisfy that set of requirements as well. Figure shows this wargaming. However, the MI unit commander will use the IPB process to support his own unique planning requirements.

Fn ISOS is the flexible architecture of procedures, organizations, and equipment that collect, process, store, and disseminate intelligence. Furthermore, every staff officer should prepare detailed IPB products tailored for his own functional area.

ADP – Intelligence. The description of the battlefield’s effects identifies constraints on potential friendly COAs and may reveal implied missions. The products developed during IPB are so critical to this cycle and the staff planning effort that it is a distinct function.

This assessment of the environment always includes an examination of terrain and weather but may also include discussions of the characteristics of geography and infrastructure and their effects on friendly and threat operations. FM discusses intelligence synchronization and the collection management process in detail.

In this step IPB products enable the commander to assess facts about the battlefield and make assumptions about how friendly and threat forces will interact on the battlefield. FM Operational Terms and Graphics.

FM Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield – Introduction

He also approves the list of intelligence requirements associated with that COA and identities the most important as priority intelligence requirements PIR. Both the event template and event matrix depict the times during which the activity is expected to occur. Sometimes the battle will progress in a direction unanticipated during the initial IPB and wargaming.


As part of COA analysis and comparison, or 3-130 after, the staff generally starts the targeting process with a targeting conference. Each function in the process is performed continuously to ensure that When the commander selects a particular friendly COA, he also approves and prioritizes the supporting intelligence requirements.

He also prepares event templates and matrices that focus intelligence collection on identifying which COA the threat will execute. This evaluation focuses on the general capabilities of each force until COAs are developed in later steps of the IPB process.

Once approved by the commander, the specific intelligence required to fill gaps in the command’s knowledge of the battlefield environment and threat situation becomes the command’s initial intelligence requirements. Incorporating the results of IPB into COA development ensures that each friendly COA takes advantage of the opportunities the environment and vm situation offer and is valid in terms of what they will allow.

fm 34-130 intelligence preparation of the battlefield

ATPRisk Management – The enemy COA models developed in step 4 are the products that the staff will use to portray the threat in the decision making and targeting processes. The doctrinal principles of IPB are sound and can be applied to all situations at all levels.

Step 4 integrates the results of the previous steps into a meaningful conclusion. This manual is intended to serve as a guide for the use of IPB by units of all types, at all echelons, across the entire spectrum of conflict, and during the conduct of any mission.


It does not contain all the data required to conduct IPB, such as specific information on threat doctrine or equipment capabilities.

FM 34-130 Intelligence Prep of the Battlefield

The battle staff then wargames the best friendly response or preemptive action based on the updated set of IPB predictions. This requires 34–130 members of the staff to “huddle” or conduct “mini-wargaming. This is a listing and discussion of the COAs available to the threat.

The relationship of the IPB process to each step in the decision making process is discussed below see Figure This is the July 94 version – releasable to the General Public.

Every commander and staff officer needs to think through the effects the environment has on both threat and friendly operations. Collection management synchronizes the activities of organizations and systems to provide intelligence the commander needs to accomplish his COA and targeting efforts.

It is the application of battlefield common sense. This supports the commander’s decisions during COA execution and helps him to quickly confirm or deny the assumptions used during COA development. For a thorough discussion, see Chapter 2. IPB not only enables a staff to put steel on target but also helps prioritize and maximize the effects of targeting.

This manual is intended for Army commanders and staffs at all echelons. This focuses the command’s initial intelligence collection efforts and the remaining steps of the IPB process.

It is designed to support staff estimates and military decision making.